PROVISION OF SERVICES RELATING TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONEMTNAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
Request for quotation
Beneficiary country(ies): Nicaragua
Deadline on: 07-Mar-2021 23:00 (GMT 1.00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris
Project no 180069
Purpose of the contract
The project PROCACAO II (Project of Improvement of Organizational and productive Capacities of Producers of cocoa in the mining triangle in Nicaragua) is now expanding it scopes. The project that was built on a pilot, is now taking place at scale in the region. This mandate will analyse the social and environmental risks contained in the best practices that are put in place and the model set up by the project and present an environmental and social management plan to ensure the relevant environmental and social risks are identified and the related mitigation measures are put in place.
Situation of environmental and social safeguards of the project
The main driver of deforestation and forest degradation in the region comes from the culture of extensive livestock and subsistence migratory agriculture prevails. The project has established cocoa in agro-forestry on degraded land from the hurricane as well as on deforested properties, which has therefore a positive environmental impact. However, if the model provides large return on investment and substantial yield then, there is a risk of replication on forestland and even on natural protected reserves. This is the reason a thorough analysis of its environmental impact and the conditions of its impact on biodiversity has to be conducted.
The UNIDO Environmental and Social Screening Template to comply with the UNIDO Environmental and Social Safeguards Policy and Procedures (ESSPP), AI/2017/04 is attached. The project is classified as B. its main risks come from the usage of natural habitat as the land owned by farmers was in large part a forest cover.
In order to have a positive impact on environment the following measures are described in the project document hereby attached :
The project will establish a cover of protective plants, a permanent cultivation of cocoa in association with forest plants, fertilizer plants and fruit plants in areas affected by old processes of environmental deterioration.
The application of procedures and inputs of chemical origin, will be carried out on a small scale, which will be complementing with the application of organic and / or biological fertilizers, prevailing over time the applications of this type of fertilizers, the implementation of friendly practices with the Environment or low impact.
The production of cocoa with husk left on the field is currently not considered a negative effect, but the quantity of husk may increase the development of fungal production and can cause water contamination. To mitigate this action, it will begin with the implementation of a diagnosis and develop a training plan, workshops, exchanges for producers and cocoa collection centers of cooperatives dedicated to the activity. The use of cocoa husks will be promoted as a source of energy and for soil improvement. In the same way the honey waters that originate in the fermentation will stimulate the use for the fight against pests.
PROCACAO promotes the cultivation of cocoa only in agroforestry systems: This model necessarily implies setting the shade first, with forest, timber, fruit, mustard, tuber plants and in some cases the basic grains. This activity helps soils restauration and supports food gathering and other income-generating activities, as well as animals and micro biological life diversification. In addition, timber trees were planted during the first phase, as permanent shade for cocoa, which will be registered through the competent institution (INAFOR), for proper use through management plans.
Soil improvement: The positive effect is focused on the introduction of compost, establishment of compost plants, and reduction of agrochemical use. All this will be possible through organic production, Rainforest Alliance certification which will regulate the use of pesticides, insecticides and herbicides.
Recovery and preservation of water sources: The project will support more than 1200 manzanas of cocoa in agroforestry systems. This activity, due to the manner in which wood and cocoa are cultivated, contributes to the restoration of water sources, if producers achieve an empowerment in this area, they will change the traditional activity of livestock and migratory agriculture and this will contribute to the recovery of water sources. In the intervention zone water sources are recovered once the presence of forest plantations and cocoa are established and cultivated permanently.
Recovery of uncovered areas of forest: With the cultivation of cocoa, timber plantations such as mahogany, royal cedar, laurel, coyote, male cedar will be established. These trees will be registered with INAFOR so that the producer can receive income. It would be an incentive for families to be dedicated to this crop in order to increase the cultivation of forest and enhance its recovery.
• Use of energy to benefit cocoa: The project tries to avoid using hydrocarbon energy and forestry (firewood) throughout the process of benefit and drying of cocoa. The energy supported to be used for drying cocoa will be solar, tunnels with polycarbonate sheets to increase the temperature and avoid the use of firewood in drying ovens. In times where too much humidity prevails, an agreement was signed with the company RITTER Sport, which is located in the dry zone of the Pacific and has conditions for drying. The cooperative must transfer the processed production to finalize the drying in the company's facilities, thus avoiding the use of firewood and the destruction of forest plants.
Furthermore, a strong monitoring system is created in the project in order to be able to follow the result at the farm level and at the cooperative level. It will include a GPS mapping that can be used to monitor the land cover. Nevertheless, it will be important to define how we could mainstream the biodiversity into the value chain and monitor it. Therefore a monitoring system to track ESS is expected and should be designed on such a way that it can be mainstreamed into the project monitoring system.
In 2020 the region of mining triangle was hit by two hurricanes that damaged the cocoa plantations as well as some of the remaining forest cover. Currently emergency measures are undertaken to be able to recover the cocoa plantations and continue the project. In this situation an international expert was recruited in order to assess the environmental resilience of the recovery plan while taking into consideration the market requirements. At this regard, biodiversity and environmental fragility will be taken into consideration. It may constitute an important input for the ESMP.
On the social safeguard, In general the assessment should profile families, assess risk and understand root causes of potential social risk. A special attention will have to be put on child labour which is an issue that is often linked with cacao plantations. the project partners with Ritter Sport that purchases the fermented cacao produced by the beneficiaries of the project. The Company passed the UNIDO due diligence with the recommendations in annex. Child labour is therefore an issue that will have to be looked at during the ESMP.
In addition, in the context of COVID 19, the attached list of measures were taken to avoid the dissemination of the disease. during this first assessment the implication of COVID-19 and its measures should be assessed and recommendation given if possible.
The team leader should have :
PhD or Master degree in environmental sciences, natural resource management or equivalent.
Minimum of seven (7) years of proven professional experience in biodiversity, environmental management or equivalent.
Sound knowledge of the development of Environmental and Social Management Plans (ESMPs) including monitoring.
Team members should collectively provide the following skills:
Proven professional experience in forest cash crops and if possible, cacao.
Excellent knowledge of methodologies necessary of Environmental and Social Management Plans in the context of forest cash crops such as cocoa or coffee.
Experience in implementation of safeguard measures
Sound knowledge of legislation and European policies that will affect the environmental and social management of the project.
Experience in Central America contexts is an asset.
The experts will be required to be fluent in English and Spanish. All written material submitted to UNIDO should be of such quality that no additional technical editing is required.
Duration of Contract and General time schedule
The contract is expected to be finalized within 6 months.
Hyperlinks to Related Project Dossiers: